Shipping Tools

  • Abbreviations
  • Stowage Factors

Abbreviations


AA Always Afloat
AAAA Always Afloat Always Accessible
AAPA The American Association of Port Authorities
AARA Amsterdam-Antwerpen-Rotterdam Area
ABS American Bureau of Shipping
ABT ABouT
ADCOM ADressCOMission
AFSPS Arrival First Sea Pilot Station ( Norway)
AGW All Going Well
A/H Anchor Handling
AHT AnchorHandling Tug
ALU ALUminium
ANTHAM ANTwerp-HAMburg range
APS Arrival Pilot Station
ARAG Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp-Gent range
ASPW Any Safe Port in the World
ATDNSHINC Any Time Day/Night Sundays and Holidays INCluded
ATUTC Actually Time Used To Count
A/S AlongSide
B Bale (cargo capacity)
BAF Bunker adjusting factor (freight)
Bb Bareboat
BBB Before Breaking Bulk
BDI Both Dates Inclusive
BE Both Ends ( Load and discharge ports)
BEG BEGinning
BENDS Both Ends ( Load and discharge ports)
BI Both Inclusive.
BIMCO The Baltic and International Maritime Conference
BL BaLe
B/N Booking Note
BOB Bunker On Board
Box everyday term for container (or boxed vessel)
Br Breadth
BHP Brake Horse Power
BMM British Marine Mutual
Br.ld. Break load
BRGDS Best ReGarDS
BROB Bunkers Remaining On Board
Brt Gross tonnage
B S S 1/1 Basis 1 port to 1 port
BT Berth Terms
BV Bureau Veritas
BWAD Brackish Water Arrival Draft
CAF Currency adjusting factor (freight)
CAP Condition Assessment Programme
Cap Capacity
CBFT CuBic FeeT
C/C sshinC/sshinC
ce Ta Center Tank
CFT Cubic FeeT
CFR Cost and FReight
Chem Chemical
CHOPT CHarterer's OPTion
CIF Costs Insurance and Freight
CIP Carriage and Insurance paid to.....
CIRR Commercial Interest Reference Rate
CLC Civil Liability Convention
COA Contract Of Affreightment
COACP Contract Of Affreightment Charter Party
COBLDN Closing Of Business LoDoN
COGSA Carriage of Goods by Sea Act
CONT CONTainer
COW Crude Oil Washing
C/P CharterParty
CPT Carriage Paid To
CPD Charterers Pay Dues
CQD Customary Quick Despatch
COD Cash On Delivery
COP Custom Of Port
CR Current Rate
Cr Crane
CROB Cargo Remaining OnBoard
CST CentiSToke
CUFT CUbicFeeT
Cy Cylinders
C/X sshinC / ssheX
DYNPOS Dynamic Positioning
DAF Delivered At Frontier
DAP Days All Purposes (Total days for loading and disch.)
Dbl Double
DBL SKIN DouBLe SKINned
DC Discharge Capacity
DDP/(U) Delivered Duty Paid (Unpaid)
DELY DELiverY
DEM DEMurrage
DES Delivered Ex Ship
DEQ Delivered Ex Quay
DESP DESPatch
DHDATSBE Despatch Half Demurrage on All Time Saved Both Ends
DHDWTSBE Detpatch Half Demurrage on Working Time Saved Both Ends
DK DecK
DLOSP Dropping Last Outwards Sea Pilot (Norway)
DNV Det Norske Veritas
DO Diesel Oil
DOLSP Dropping Off Last Sea Pilot ( Norway)
DOP Dropping Outward Pilot
DOT Department Of Transport
DP Dynamic Positioning
DPT DePTh
DSV Diving System
DYNPOS Dynamic Positioning
E0 Unattended engine room
EC East Coast
EIU Even If Used.
ETA Expected Time of Arrival
ETC Expected Time of Completion
ETD Expected Time of Departure
Eth Ethylene
ETS Expected Time of Sailing
EXCL EXCLusive
EXW EX Works
FA Free Alongside
FAC Fast As Can
FAS Free Alongside Ship
FCA Free CArrier
FD Free Despatch
FDD Freight Demurrage Deadfreight
F.DESP (FD) Free DESPatch
F.DIS Free DIScharge
FDEDANRSAOCLONL Freight Deemed Earned Discountless & Non-Refundable Ship and Or Cargo Lost Or Not Lost
FHEX Friday Holidays EXcluded. (Muslim Countries)
FHINC Friday Holidays INCluded. (Muslim Countries)
FiFI Fire Fighting
FIO Free In and Out
FIOST Free In and Out Stowed and Trimmed
FIOT Free In and Out Trimmed
FIT Free In Trimmed
FIW Free in Wagon
FM FroM
FMC Federal Maritime Commission
FMS FathoMS
F/N Fixing Note
FO For Orders
FO (IFO) Fuel Oil
FOB Free On Board
FOG For Our Guidance
FOR Free On Rail
FOQ Free On Quay
FOT Free On Truck
FOW First Open Water
FOW Free On Wharf
Fr. wa. Fresh water
Free Ex Ins FREE of any EXtra INSurance (Owners)
FPSO Floating Production Storage and Offloading unit
FTD FiTted
FWAD Fresh water Arrival Draft
FWDD Fresh Water Departure Draft
FYG For Your Guidance
FYI For Your Information
G Grain (cargo capacity)
GA General Average
GASBEND Good And Safe (Port) Both ENDs
GD/GD GDynia/GDansk
GENS GENeralS or general cargo
GEOROT GEOgraphical ROTation
GL Germanischer Lloyd
GLESS GearLESS
GO Gas Oil
GNS German North Sea
GR GRain
GMDSS Global Maritime Distress Safety System
GRD GeaRed
GTEE GuaranTEE
HA HAtch
HDLTSBENDS Half Despatch Lay Time Saved Both Ends
HBF Harmless Bulk Fertilizer
HDWTS Half Demurrage Weather Time Saved
HELDK HELicopter DecK
HHDW Handy Heavy d.w. (scrap)
HMS Heavy Metal Scraps
HO Cargo HOld
HR HouR
HRS HouRS
HV HeaVy
HVFL HeaVy Fuel
HW High Water
IFO Intermediate Fuel Oil
IMDG International Maritime Dangerous Code
IU If Used
IMO International Maritime Organisation.
ISM(C) International Safety Management Code
IUHTAUTC If Used, Half Time ActUally To Count
KMC cargo refrigerating system<
KN KNots
KTM Keel To top of Mast
I.W.L. Institute Warranty Limits
LASH Light Aboard SHip
LAT LATitude
LAYCAN LAYday CANcelling date
LC Loading Capacity
LCR Lowest Current Rate
LDN LaDeN
LGT LenGThened
LNG Liquefied Natural Gas
LOA Lenght Over All
LOF Lloyd’s Open Form
Lo Ho Lower Hold
LOI Letter Of Indemnity.
LOLO Lift On Lift Off ship
LOW Last Open Water
LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas
LPS LumPSum
LR Lloyds Register of Shipping
LR Large Range
L.S. LumpSum.
LSD Lashed Secured Dunnage
L.T. Liner Terms
LT (LTONS) Long TONS.
LW Low Water
MB Merchant Broker
MDO (DO) Marine Diesel Oil
MDWT Metric DeadWeight tons
MIN/MAX Minimum/Maximum (cargo quantity)
MO Managing Owner
MODU Mobile Offshore Drilling Units
MOLCHOP More Or Less CHarterers OPtion
MOLOO More Or Less Owners (Masters) Option
MON MONitors (fire)
MOT Ministry Of Transpory
MOT Monthly OverTime
MR Medium Range
m/r Mates receipt
MT Metric Tonnes
MTONS Metric Tonnes
NAABSA Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground
NCB National Cargo Bureau
NCS Norwegian Continental Shelf
n.E. not East of
NIS Norwegian International Shipsregister
NK Nippon Kaiji Kyokai
n.N. not North of
NMD Norwegian Maritime Directorate
NOKUS - company NOrsk Kontrollert Utenlandsk Selskap i lavskatteland Norwegian controlled foreign company in lowtax country
NOR Notice Of Readiness
n.S not South of
n.W not West of
o.a. Over All
OA Over Aged
OBO Oil Bulk Ore
OILREC OIL RECovery
ONW ONWards
OO Owners Option
OP OPerator
OPA 90 The US Oil Pollution Act of 1990
OSH Open SHelter deck
OT On Truck
OW OWners
P & I Protection & Indemnity
P.P. PerPendicular
Pax Passenger Vessel
PDPR Per Day Pro-Rata
P/E Purchase Enquiry
PGH Per Geard Hatch
PHPD Per Hatch Per Day
POT (able) POTable water
PPT PromPT
PSV Plattform Supply Vessel
PU PUmps
PWH Per Workable Hatch
PWWD Per Weather Working day
REEF Refrigerated
RGDS ReGarDS
RGE RanGE
RNR Rate Not Reported
ROB Remaining On Board
ROC Reference Our Cable....(date)
RORO Roll On Roll Off ship
ROTLX Reference Our TeLeX ...(date)
RPM Revs. Per Minute
RYC Reference Your Cable...(date)
RYTLX Reference Your TeLeX...(date)
S.THR. Side Thruster
SBM Soya Bean Meal
SATSHEX SATurdays, Sundays, Holidays Excepted
SATSHINC SATurdays, Sundays, Holidays INCluded
SBS Safe Berth
SBT Segregated Ballast Tanks
SELFDISCH SelfDischarger
SF Superficial Feet
SHEX Sundays, Holidays EXcepted
SHINC Sundays, Holidays Included
SID Single Deck
SLPTA SLop TAnks
SOF Statement Of Facts.
SOM Swedish Official Measure
SP Safe Ports
SPB St. PetersBurg
S/R B/L Signing and Releasing Bill(s) of Lading
SS and C Same Sea and Country coast
SSHEX Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays EXcepted
SSHINC Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays INCluded
ST Short Tons.
STEM Subject To Enough Merchandise
SWAD Salt Water Arrival Draft
SWDD Salt Water Departure Draft
TA TAnks
TBN To Be Named
TBR To Be Renamed
TC (T/C)Time Charter
TCT Time Charter Trip
TCP Time Charter Party
TEU Standard 20' container
THC TerminalHandling Cost
THR THRuster
TIP Taking Inward Pilot
TL Total Loss
TOBENA To Be Named
TOP Taking Outward Pilot
TS TonS
TTL ToTaL
UKCS United Kingdom Continental Shelf
ULCC Ultra Large Crude Carrier
USC Unless Sooner Commenced
UU Unless Used
UUIWCTAUTC Unless Used In Which Case Time Actually Used To Count.
VEG VEGetable oil
VLCC Very Large Crude Carrier
VPD Vessel Pay Dues
VSL VeSseL
WA WAter
WC West Coast
WCCON Whether Custom Cleared Or Not
WIBON Whether In Berth Or Not
WIFPON Whether In Free Praqtique Or Not
WIPON Whether In Port Or Not
WITA WIng TAnk
WLTOHC WaterLine-TO-HatchCoaming (distance)
WOG WithOut Guarantee.
Working Copy (Copy of Charter Party - not being signed and may contain unchecked errors
WP Weather Permitting
WRD Wide Range Destillate
WRIC Wire Rods in Coils
WWD Weather Working Days
WWR When, Where Ready
WWWW Wibon Wccon Wifpon Wipon
X/C ssheX / sshinC
X/X ssheX / ssheX
YAR York Antwerp Rules
YC Your Cable
ZUTC = GMT

Stowage Factors:

STOWAGE FACTOR, cbft/mt

(1 cbm = 35.31 cbft)


CARGO BULK BAGGED BALED
ALUMINA 37-42
ALUMINA SILICA 25
ALUMINIUM DROSS 29
ALUMINIUM FERROSILICON POWDER 25
ALUMINIUM INGOTS 31
ALUMINIUM NITRATE 21
ALUMINIUM ORE 28
ALUMINIUM SILICON POWDER 25
ALUNITE 25
AMMONIUM BICARBONATE 49
AMMONIUM CHLORIDE 47
AMMONIUM NITRATE FERTILIZER 30-35 44-50
AMMONIUM SULPHATE 34-38 43-47
ANHYDROUS BORAX 27-29
ANTHRACITE 40-47
ANTIMONY ORES / RESIDUE 13
APATITE CONCENTRATE 19-20
ARGENITE 25
ASBESTOS ORE 55-75
ATTAPULGITE (RAW) 45-50
ATTAPULGITE (HYDRATED) 70-75
BALL STONE 27 34
BARITE = BARYTES 15-25 16-21
BARLEY 53-56 58-60
BASIC SLAG 27-29 30-32
BAUIXTE 27-32
BEANS 50-55 55-60
BEET PULP 56
BENTONITE 40
BLENDE 19
BONES MEAL 80
BORAX -ANHYDROUS BORAX 27-29
BORAX -CALCINED RASORITE 27-29
BORAX -COLEMANITE 22-23
BORAX -RASORITE 46 (PENTAHYDRITE CRUDE) 36-38
BORAX -TINCAL 36-38 41-44
BORAX -ULEXITE 36-38
BORIC ACID 64
BORNITE 16
BROAN BEAN 53
BROWN MANGANESE 18
BUCKWHEAT 61 71
CALCINED PYRITE 16
CALCINED RASORITE 27-29
CALCIUM AMMONIUM NITRATE 30-35 44-50
CALCIUM CARBONATE PRECIPTATED 47
CALCIUM HYDRATE (LIME) 27 40-42
CALCIUM NITRATE FERTILIZER 32-40
CALCIUM PHOSPHATE 25
CANDLE 56
CARBORUNDUM 20
CASTOR BEANS 78
CASHEW NUTS 75
CELESTITE 19-21
CEMENT 22-27 23-28
CEMENT CLINKER 25-30
CERARGYRITE 25
CERUSSITE 16
CHALCOCITE 16
CHALCOPYRITE 16
CHALK 35-40
CHARCOAL 95
CHINA CLAY (KAOLIN) 35-45 40-45
CHROME PELLETS 21
CHROMIC IRON ORE 14
CHROMIUM ORE 14
CHRYSOLITE (OLIVINE) 21-23
CITRUS PULP PELLETS 55-58
CLAY 29-41
COAL 38-50
COAL BRIQUETTES 54-60
COAL SLURRY 38
COAL TAR 49-52
COBALT GLANCE 18
COBALT ORE 18
COCOA 80
COFFEE 60-70
COIR 90-130
COKE 60-100
COKE BREEZE 50-65
COKE -FOUNDRY COKE 80-90
COKE -FURNACE COKE 70-80
COLEMANITE 22-23
COPPER CONCENTRATE 14-18 22-28
COPPER GRANULES 8-9
COPPER MATTE 14-19 18-20
COPPER ORE 15-20
COPPER PYRITES 20-22
COPPER SLAG 35-40
COPRA 75 85
COPRA CAKE 60 65
COPRA CHIPS 100
COPRA EXPELLERS 60 65
COPRA MEAL 60 70
CORN (MAIZE) 47-52 52-56
CORUNDUM 35-40 40-45
COTTON 60-130
COTTON SEEDS 90-100
COTTONSEEDS CAKE 55-65
COTTONSEEDS EXPELLERS 60-65
COVELLITE 16
CRYOLITE 25
DEAD MAGNESITE 29 47
DI-AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE (DAP) 41-45 45-47
DI-CALCIUM PHOSPHATE 55-60
DIRECT REDUCED IRON 18
DOLOMITE 20-23
DRIED POTATO SLICES 71
DRIED SILK WERM CHRYSALIS MEAL 69
DRIED TURNIP 95
DRY COPRA 71
EARTHY COBALT 21
EMERY 18-20 20-30
ESPARTO 130-170
FEATHERS MEAL 160
FEED WHEAT 46-48
FEEDING STUFFS 80
FELDSPAR 22-30 27-35
FERBERITE 26
FERROCHROME 8
FERROMANGANESE 8
FERROPHORPHORS 7
FERROSILICON 21
FIRE CLAY 53
FISH MEAL 47 71
FLAX 100-155
FLUORSPAR -BLOCKS 12
FLUORSPAR -WET 17-20
FLUORSPAR -DRY 20-25
FLY ASH 44
FOUNDRY SAND 26
GALENA 16
GLUTEN PELLETS 64
GRANITE -BLOCKS 15-20
GRANITE -CHIPPINGS 29-30
GRANULATED SLAG 32
GRAPHITE IN FLAKES 71
GRAPHITE IN POWDER 40
GRASS MEAL 95
GRAY COBALT 18
GREEN BEEN 61
GROUNDNUTS 60-110 65-90
GYPSUM 27-40 40-45
HAY 125-350
HAZELNUT KERNELS 75
HEMATITE 19
HEMP 90-110
HEMP SEEDS 75
HSS 47-52 52-54
HUBNERITE 26
ILMENITE 11-15
IRON ORE 19
IRON ORE CONCENTATE 19
IRON ORE PELLETS 14
IRON OXIDES 16
IRON SPONGS 16
IRON SWARF 16
IRONSTONE 19
JUTE 100-105 65
KAINIT (POTASH) 33-36 35-37
KALISALT (POTASH) 33-36 35-37
KAOLIN (CHINA CLAY) 35-45 40-45
LEAD CHROMATE ORE 14
LEAD NITRATE 28
LEAD CONCENTRATES 12-13
LEAD ORE 13-14 16
LEAD SULFATE ORE 16
LENTILS 50-55 55-60
LICORICE ROOT 130-140 85
LIME (CALCIUM HYDRATE) 40-42
LIMESTONE 24-30
LIMONITE 19
LINSEED 50-60 55-65
LITHIUM 25
LITHOPONE 44
LOGS 109
LUPINSEED 44-48
MAGNESITE 22 53
MAGNESIUM ALUMINIUM SILICATE (SEE ATTAPULGITE)
MAGNESIUM CARBONATE (MAGNESITE) 20-30
MAGNESIUM CHORIDE 57
MAGNESIUM NITRATE 29
MAGNESITE (MAGNESIUM CARBONATE) 20-30
MAGNISIUM SULPHATE 46
MAIZE 47-52 52-56
MAIZE BROKEN 57
MAIZE COB MEAL 125
MAIZE EMBRYO 63
MAIZE EMBRYO CAKE 64
MALACHITE 14
MALT 54-56 56-58
MANGANESE ORE 18
MANGANIC CONCENTRATE 16
MANGANITE 18
MANIOC 60-62 60-62
MARBLE BLOCKS 15-20
MILORGANITE 54
MONO-AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE (MAP) 42-46
MOONSTONE 26
MURIATE OF POTASH (MOP) = POTASSIUM CHLORIDE 30-40
NAPTHALENE 70
NEPHELINESYENITE 16
NICKEL ORE CONCENTRATE 16
NIGER SEED MEAL 64
NITRO PHOSPHATIC COMPOUND (NPK) 35-40 48-53
NPK (NITRO PHOSPHATIC COMPOUND) 35-40 48-53
OATS CLIPPED 48-62 64-72
OATS UNCLIPPED 71-77 83-85
OIL CAKES 50-65 55-75
OLIVINE (CHRYSOLITE) 21-23
ONIONS 85
OXILIC ACID 54
PADDY 53 71
PALM KERNELS 60-65 70-75
PARAFFIN WAX 54
PEACH KERNELS 65-85
PEANUT MEAL 64
PEANUTS 116
PEAT 90
PEBBLES 21
PELLETS (GRAIN -WIDELY) 45-65 60-90
PENCIL PITCH 52
PENTAHYDRITE CRUDE (RASORITE 46) 36-38
PERLITE 35-38
PETROLEUM COKE 40-60
PHOSPHATE ROCK 28-35 45-50
PIG IRON 14
PINENUT KERNELS 75
PITCH PENCIL 50-55
PITCH PRILL 30-35
POLLARDS 70-90
POONAC 80
POSHAN BAUXITE 25
POTASH 33-36 35-37
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE = MURIATE OF POTASH (MOP) 30-40
POTASSIUM FELSPAR SAND 26
POTASSIUM NITRATE (SALTPETRE) 31
POTASSIUM SULPHATE FERTILIZER 28-32
POTATO 55 60-70
POYVINYL CHORIDE 47
PSILOMELANE 18
PUMICE 50-70
PUMPKIN SEEDS 85
PVC RESINS 52
PYRITE 16
PYRITE ASHES 16
PYRITE CINDERS 16
PYRITES 16
PYROLUSITE 18
PYROPHYLITE 18
QUARTZ 22
RAPESEED 53-57 60-65
RASORITE 46 (PENTAHYDRITE CRUDE) 36-38
RED LEAD 37
REFINED SALT 35
RESIN 88
RICE -PADDY (ROUGH) 56-60 64-67
RICE -BROWN (CLEAN) 45-50 53-55
RICE -WHITE (POLISHED) 50-52
RICEBRAN 70-75 82-86
RICEMEAL 64-67
RUBBER 65-70
RUTILE SAND 14-20 25-30
RYE 49-52 53-55
SALT 30-40
SALTPETRE (POTASSIUM NITRATE) 31
SANDS 11-25
SAWDUST 102
SCHEELITE 26
SCORIES (BASIC SLAG) 27-29 30-32
SCRAP METAL 50-65 40-50
SEEDCAKES 50-65 55-75
SEMOLINA 64-66
SESAMESEED 55-70
SHEANUTS 65 75
SIDERITE 16
SILICA 28
SILICA SAND 26
SILICOMANGANESE 8
SISAL 90-110
SLAG (BASIC SLAG) 27-29 30-32
SLEEPERS 71
SLIG 19
SLIVER ORE 25
SMALL RED BEANS 55 56
SODA ASH DENSE 40-45 45-50
SODA ASH LIGHT 60-65 65-75
SODA FELSPAR SAND 26
SODIUM BI-CARBONATE 47
SODIUM CHLORATE 49
SODIUM NITRATE 28-32 32-34
SODIUM SULTHATE 49-53
SORGHUMS 44-49 52-56
SOYABEANS 48-52 55-58
SOYBEAN MEAL 54-66 65-75
SOYBEAN PELLETS 55-60 65-70
STEEL SCRAP 50-65 40-50
STEEL SWARF 16
STONE IN GRAINS 33
SUGAR 40-43 48-53
SUGAR BEET PULP PELLETS 55-65
SULPHUR 28-32 35-40
SUNFLOWERSEED 85-90
SUNFLOWERSEED MEAL 59-61
SUNFLOWERSEED PELLETS 62-65
SUPERPHOSPHATE 30-35
SUPERPHOSPHATE -TRIPLE (TSP) 35-45 45-50
SWEET POTATOES SLICED 85
TACONITE 16
TALC 24 38
TANKAGE 53
TAPIOCA PELLETS/CUBES 50-55 65
TAPIOCA CHIPS 70-75 85
TEA (in chests) 70-150
TIN ORE 17-18 21-22
TINCAL (BORAX) 36-38 41-44
TITANIUM FLUX 25
TITANIUM SLAG 25
TOBACCO (in hogsheads) 70-80
TOBACCO (in cases) 120-140
TRIPLE-SUPERPHOSPHATE (TSP) 35-45 45-50
TUNGSTEN 26
TURNINGS 45-55
TYRES FOR TRUCKS 200
ULEXITE (BORAX) 36-38
UREA 45-55 55-65
VANADINITE 23
VANADIUM ORE 23
VERMICULITE 46-48 48-52
WHEAT 44-49 47-52
WHEAT BRAN 70-110 80-120
WHEAT BRAN PELLETS 52-55
WHEAT FLOWER 51-55 51-59
WHEAT MIDDLINGS 58-70 80-90
WHEAT PELLETS 53-60 60-70
WILD SESAME SEEDS 69
WOLFRAMITE 26
WOODCHIPS 99
WOODPULP PELLETS 106
ZINC CHLORIDE 43
ZINC CONCENTRATES 16-20
ZIRCON SAND 13-19 19-21

Information in the above columns is merely a guide and no substitute for checking accurate stowage factors from local agents and/or shippers, or for inserting appropriate figures in contracts of carriage.